Expert: Federalization of Moldova would imply a lot of risks
The political analysts believe that the visit to Moldova of the German Chancellor Angela Merkel is a positive thing for the country. Moldovan Premier Vlad Filat announced on Friday that Angela Merkel will visit Moldova during this summer, Merkel’s visit becoming the first official high level visit of a German chancellor.
“Her visit is a good thing for the Republic of Moldova. Ms. Merkel (Germany) enjoys a great influence within the European institutions in Brussels. Germany can have a positive influence on the EU member states’ perceptions about the European aspirations of the Republic of Moldova,” said Vladimir Socor, political analyst of East European Affairs for the Jamestown Foundation and its Eurasia Daily Monitor, in an interview with Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL).
He thinks that Ms. Merkel’s trip to Moldova should be welcomed and encouraged.
Commenting on the recent allegations on the federalization of Moldova – rumor according to which Germany would come up with such a solution for the conflict settlement of Transnistria – Mr. Socor said that no such pressure exists and nobody forced Moldova to do such thing. According to him, these allegations are at statement level only.
“The talks are being carrying out at the idea, suggestion level,” the analyst from Jamestown Foundation said. He added that Moldova would have no advantages from a federalization solution.
“The benefits would be null, and the risks would be absolute. Any kind of federalization of Moldova means the dissolution of the state. It would transform the Republic of Moldova from a state in practically non-governed states, divided in small feudal principalities,” Mr. Socor said.
Vladimir Socor previously stated that Germany sees Transnistria as a potential test for Russia’s behavior.
“If Russia is willing to solve the issue in Transnistria, then Germany will ask to form a bilateral structure within the European Union, first as a consultative body and later as a decision-making body between the EU and Russia,” Mr. Socor claimed.
Transnistria is an internationally unrecognized entity proclaimed in Tiraspol on September 2, 1990, initially styled the Moldavian Transnistrian Soviet Socialist Republic. Currently known as the Moldavian Transnistrian Republic, this breakaway entity consists of a narrow strip of land (180 km by 32 km) nestled between the east bank of the Nistru River and the border of Moldova with Ukraine, on a small part of what used to be, between 1924 and 1940, the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
In 1992 escalated a conflict between Moldova and Russia over this territory. A cease-fire was signed the same year by president of Russia Boris Yeltsin and president of Moldova Mircea Snegur. An agreement to withdraw all Russian forces from the trans-Nistrian districts of the Republic of Moldova was signed by Moldovan Prime Minister Andrei Sangheli and Russian Prime Minister Victor Chernomyrdin in 1994. It stipulated that the 14th Army was to leave the Republic of Moldova within three years, but the agreement was never ratified by the Duma, Russia’s legislature.Moldova.ORG